RuleOptions.resources

By Opera Software

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Description:

A bit-masked value indicating the types of resources to apply a given URL Filter rule to. The available resource types are as follows:

RESOURCE_DOCUMENT
Top-level documents.
RESOURCE_FONT
Font resources referenced in CSS properties or SVG elements
RESOURCE_IMAGE
Image resources referenced by <img> elements, the background attribute on various elements, or CSS properties.
RESOURCE_MEDIA
Media resources referenced by <audio>, <video> or <source> elements.
RESOURCE_OBJECT
Generic object resources referenced by <object> elements.
RESOURCE_OBJECT_SUBREQUEST
A request made by a plugin loaded by an HTML <embed> or <object> element.
RESOURCE_OTHER
Any resource not covered by the other resource types.
RESOURCE_REFRESH
An HTML <meta> element with an http-equiv attribute whose value is "refresh" and a content attribute whose value contains a timeout value and optionally a URL.
RESOURCE_SCRIPT
Script resources referenced by <script> elements.
RESOURCE_STYLESHEET
Stylesheet resources referenced either by <link> elements or @import directives within a stylesheet.
RESOURCE_SUBDOCUMENT
Resources referenced by an <frame> or <iframe> element.
RESOURCE_XMLHTTPREQUEST
A request from an XMLHttpRequest object.

This property is passed within a RuleOptions object as a parameter for URL Filter methods.

Syntax:

unsigned long resources

Examples:

Example 1

The following example blocks content from google.com whenever it appears as the source of a frame or iframe, e.g. a Google+ widget.

<!-- 
  The configuration file ('config.xml').
-->
<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<widget xmlns="http://www.w3.org/ns/widgets">
    ...
    <feature name="opera:urlfilter"/>
</widget>
//
// The background process (e.g. index.html)
//

// Check that the URL Filter API exists
if (typeof opera.extension.urlfilter != 'undefined') {
  // Assign the URLFilter object to a variable for efficiency
  var filter = opera.extension.urlfilter;
  
  // Set the options for the filter rule
  var ruleOptions = {
      resources: filter.RESOURCE_SUBDOCUMENT
  }
  
  filter.block.add('||google.com/*', ruleOptions);
}

Example 2

This next example uses a custom function to make it easier to combine multiple resource types. In this case, it blocks all scripts, stylesheets and images from the google.com domain.

<!-- 
  The configuration file ('config.xml').
-->
<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<widget xmlns="http://www.w3.org/ns/widgets">
    ...
    <feature name="opera:urlfilter"/>
</widget>
//
// The background process (e.g. index.html)
//

// Check that the URL Filter API exists
if (typeof opera.extension.urlfilter != 'undefined') {
  // Function for mapping filter resources
  function types(types) {
    var urlfilter = opera.extension.urlfilter;
    var contentType = 0;
    var map = {
      "other": urlfilter.RESOURCE_OTHER, // 1
      "script": urlfilter.RESOURCE_SCRIPT, // 2
      "image": urlfilter.RESOURCE_IMAGE, // 4
      "stylesheet": urlfilter.RESOURCE_STYLESHEET, // 8
      "object": urlfilter.RESOURCE_OBJECT, // 16
      "subdocument": urlfilter.RESOURCE_SUBDOCUMENT, // 32
      "document": urlfilter.RESOURCE_DOCUMENT, // 64
      "refresh": urlfilter.RESOURCE_REFRESH, // 128
      "xmlhttprequest": urlfilter.RESOURCE_XMLHTTPREQUEST, // 2048
      "objectsubrequest": urlfilter.RESOURCE_OBJECT_SUBREQUEST, // 4096
      "media": urlfilter.RESOURCE_MEDIA, // 16384
      "font": urlfilter.RESOURCE_FONT // 32768
    };

    for (var i = 0, len = arguments.length; i < len; i++) {
      contentType |= map[arguments[i]];
    }
    
    return contentType;
  }
  
  // Set the options for the filter rule
  ruleOptions = {resources: types("script", "stylesheet", "image")};
  /*
   * This is equivalent to
   * ruleOptions = {
   *   resources: opera.extension.urlfilter.RESOURCE_SCRIPT |
   *     opera.extension.urlfilter.RESOURCE_STYLESHEET |
   *     opera.extension.urlfilter.RESOURCE_IMAGE
   * };
   */
  
  opera.extension.urlfilter.block.add('||google.com/*', ruleOptions);
}

Note the use of || which is a hostname mark. This indicates that the subsequent characters should begin matching from any host name in the URL. For example, ||example.com* matches http://example.com/, https://www.example.com/, or similar. However, it will not match http://badexample.com/.

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.

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